Pigeon life cycle

Understanding the Life Cycle of a Pigeon

As a company specialising in pigeon control, we understand the importance of appreciating and respecting the life cycle of pigeons. These birds, often seen as a nuisance, have a fascinating life cycle and play a crucial role in the ecosystem. Here, we delve into the stages of a pigeon’s life cycle, how they adapt to various environments, and the most effective ways to manage them without causing harm.

The Life Cycle of a Pigeon

Life cycle of a pigeon

Breeding and Reproduction

Pigeons are monogamous creatures, meaning they pair for life. The breeding process begins with courtship rituals, which include cooing and bowing to attract a mate. Once a mate is secured, the pair will build a nest together, often in urban areas where ledges and windowsills mimic their natural cliffside habitats. The female usually lays one to two eggs, and both parents take turns incubating them. This shared responsibility extends to feeding the hatchlings, or ‘squabs,’ until they are ready to leave the nest, approximately 30 days post-hatching. This unique breeding and reproductive cycle is something our company takes into consideration when developing our pigeon control strategies.

Incubation and Hatching

The incubation period for pigeon eggs typically lasts for about 18 days. The parents take turns sitting on the eggs, ensuring they are always kept warm and protected. During this time, the embryo inside the egg develops rapidly, transforming from a speck into a fully formed squab. Once the squabs are ready to hatch, they use a special, hard ridge on their beak, known as an egg tooth, to break through the eggshell—a process known as ‘pipping’. After emerging from the shell, the squabs depend entirely on their parents for nutrition and warmth, which both parents provide dutifully.

Growth and Maturation

During the growth and maturation phase, the squabs undergo a significant transformation. Initially, they are altricial, meaning they are born blind and almost featherless. Their eyes open within their first week of life, and they develop feathers. This growth process continues over the next few weeks.

When Can Pigeons Fly

Squabs typically take their first flight when they have reached sufficient maturity, which is usually about 30 to 37 days after hatching. This period varies slightly depending on individual development and environmental factors. This milestone is often called the “fledging” stage, marking their transition from being nest-bound to exploring the outside world.

Post-fledging, they continue to be fed by their parents while learning essential survival skills, such as finding food and avoiding predators. Despite becoming independent, many squabs remain near their birthplace, contributing to the growth of the local pigeon population. Understanding this phase is crucial to our strategies, enabling us to implement effective pigeon control while respecting their natural life cycle.

Pigeon Behaviour and Survival

Pigeons showcase an array of behaviours that aid in their survival in various environments, particularly in cities. They are naturally scroungers and have adapted to feed on food scraps despite their natural diet being seeds and fruits. They can also remember their home and have a strong homing instinct, so they are often seen returning to the same places. Pigeons live in varying-sized flocks and have a complex social structure, including a hierarchy established and maintained through non-fatal fights. Understanding these behaviours is crucial to our pigeon control methods, allowing us to anticipate their reactions and adapt our strategies accordingly.

Potential Life Span of a Pigeon

The potential lifespan of a pigeon can significantly vary depending on the environment and conditions it lives in. In the wild, pigeons have a lifespan of 3 to 5 years due to natural predators and diseases. However, in urban areas where they have adapted well and are protected from many natural threats, they can live up to 15 years.

Despite their short lifespan, pigeons have an impressive reproductive rate, which allows them to maintain their population numbers. It’s also not uncommon for pigeons to live longer under human care, such as in lofts or aviaries, where they are safe from predators and have a stable food source. Understanding the potential lifespan of pigeons aids in our development of more compassionate and effective pigeon control strategies.

Life span of pigeons

Pigeon Control: Prevention and Management

While pigeons play a vital role in biodiversity, they can cause damage to properties and potentially spread diseases. As a pigeon control company, we offer several humane and effective methods to manage pigeon populations:

  • Netting: Netting is a highly effective method used in bird control, where a physical barrier is created to prevent pigeons and other birds from accessing certain areas, thus helping to protect properties from damage and contamination.
  • Spikes: Spikes are a commonly used deterrent in pigeon control, designed to prevent birds from landing or roosting on building ledges and roofs, thereby reducing property damage and potential health risks.
  • Bird Wires: Bird wire is a discreet and effective pigeon control method that involves creating an unstable surface on ledges, rooftops, and other perching spots, discouraging pigeons from settling there.

Tips for Reducing Impact on Pigeon Populations

While it’s necessary to control pigeon populations in urban areas, there are ways to do so without causing harm:

  • Don’t Feed Pigeons: Feeding pigeons can lead to overpopulation, the spread of diseases, and property damage due to their droppings. It disrupts their natural diet and behaviour, making them dependent on humans for food.
  • Clean Up: Maintaining cleanliness in your outdoor space by removing food scraps, securing trash in tightly locked containers, and storing pet food properly can deter pigeons and prevent them from making your property their home.  
  • Install Deterrents: Installing pigeon deterrents like shiny objects, reflective surfaces, or aluminium foil can effectively get rid of pigeons and scare away pigeons, as these items momentarily impair the birds’ vision and mimic the presence of predators. 
  • Block Entry Points: Pigeons can quickly enter buildings through small openings, so inspect your property regularly and seal any possible entry points to prevent pigeons from nesting inside.


Pigeons have a unique life cycle intricately connected to the urban landscape. Their adaptable nature and complex behaviours make them both a beloved species and a potential nuisance. As a responsible pigeon control company, we consider their natural behaviours and life cycle when developing effective strategies to manage their populations humanely and efficiently.

By following some of the tips mentioned above, we can all contribute to reducing the impact of pigeons on our urban environment while coexisting with them peacefully.

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